PS American Legislaure Study Guide Test 1

PS American Legislaure Study Guide Test 1 - PS 474 Test 2...

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-1PS 474 Test 2 Committees - often have negative power and are typically a key point in stopping legislation. *some are permanent and others are not. They have 3 BASIC POWERS 1. To collect information 2. Draft Bills and Resolutions 3. Can report legislation to parent committees for consideration. TYPES OF COMMITEES 1. Standing Committees - usually permanent. (HAVE ALL 3 POWERS) 2. Conference Committees - fix differences in Senate and House bills so they can pass. *They collect info and draft bills but cannot report legislation * A majority vote must be made to allow a Conf. Committee to report * There are 4 Joint committees in U.S Congress that can collect and draft but can’t report. JOINT COMMITTEES - members from both chambers. 1. Joint Taxation Comm. 2. Joint Library Comm. 3. Joint Printing Comm. 4. Joint Economic Comm. Special or Select Committees - just collect info. And report. (almost never permanent - used for investigation) Statutes and informal norms govern the committees. Committee Assignments - Partisan makeup of chamber should be comparative to Partisan makeup of committee % wise. Broken into different Chambers HOUSE COMMITTEES Ways and Means - taxation Appropriations - spending Rules - attach rules - no amendments - schedule debates. SENATE COMMITTES Finance - money Appropriations - spending Foreign Relations - ratify treaties - Intl Agreements such as NAFTA *FR has lost luster in past 20 years * Most committees are made of 15 members partisanship is based on % of party in parent chamber and they run on 2 year Congress cycles. * Each party in each chamber has COMMITTEE ON COMMITTEES - but it is not an actual congressional committee. Party Conferences and Caucuses lead over parties within chamber and have committees of committees, policies, and financial expenditures. *Sometimes disputes of power/ranking legislatures are taken to Party Conferences or Caucuses. COMMITTEE MEMBER GOALS
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1. They are concerned with Reelection (service on comm. Can help in reelection) 2. They want to gain influence in parent chamber 3. They want to set up “Good Policy” (education and social service comm.) *Good Policy - people are looking to enhance policy partisanship and they worry about all environments unless President is of opposite party but they are less likely to get bills passed. *Reelection People - typically write bills that they think will pass. They look more towards clientele
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PS American Legislaure Study Guide Test 1 - PS 474 Test 2...

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