Psych Final Exam Study Guide

Psych Final Exam Study Guide - Psych Final Exam Study Guide...

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Psych Final Exam Study Guide Health Psychology: investigates the psychological factors related to wellness and illness, including the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of medical problems Stress: a person’s response to events that are threatening or challenging -Most immediate reaction to stress is biological due to rise in hormones Psychological Disorders: Medical problems influenced by an interaction of psychological, emotional, and physical difficulties What is Stress? -The physiological response to demands that tax or exceed one’s mental, emotional, or physical resources -A state of tension that is created when a person responds to the demands that come from work, family, and other external resources, as well as those that are internally generated from self imposed demands, obligations, and self criticisms *Stress is your Reaction to life events, not the event itself General Adaptation Syndrome- Hans Selye’s concept of the body’s adaptive response to stress in 3 stages -Alarm Stage: when people become aware of the presence of stressor -Resistance Stage: people prepare themselves to fight the stressor -Exhaustion Stage: illness, irritability, inability to concentrate *Explanation of how stress can lead to illness What Causes Stress? -School -Social -Family -Finances -Physiological (illness, lack of sleep, poor diet) -Psychological (perfectionism, feeling inferior, desire for approval) Categorizing Stressors -Cataclysmic Events: strong stressors that occur suddenly and typically affect many people simultaneously -Post Traumatic Stress Disorder: Phenomena where victims of major catastrophic events re-experience the original event and the associated feelings in vivid flashbacks or dreams -Personal Stressors: major life events that produce an immediate major reaction that soon tapers off -Background Stressors: minor irritations of life that we all face time and time again, and may have long-term ill effects if they continue or are compounded by other stressful events
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Uplifts: Minor positive events that make one feel good -The greater number of uplifts people have, fewer psychological problems they later report Types of Stress -Eustress: good stress -Helps pump you up, increases problem solving skills and performances -Motivates and energizes up to action -Many people perform well under pressure. However, when the challenge has been met, they take time to relax and enjoy their achievement. This relaxation is the key to positive stress -Distress: bad stress -Causes anxiety, illness, sadness, or poor performance -Occurs when you can’t or don’t relax after meeting a challenge -Can make physical reactions to stress become long term ailments -Can be avoided if you learn to manage your stress Learned helplessness: A state in which people conclude that unpleasant or aversive stimuli cannot be controlled, so they stop trying -Nursing home study Coping: Efforts to control, reduce, or learn to tolerate the threats that lead to stress Defense Mechanisms: unconscious strategies people use to reduce anxiety by concealing
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Psych Final Exam Study Guide - Psych Final Exam Study Guide...

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