Thursday Review for Final

Thursday Review for Final - Review II for Final The...

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Review II for Final The Acquisition of Communicative Competence Language Use in Bilingual Communities Language and Institutions Directions : This outline is a ‘How-to” guide to help you study for the final. It is intended to help you ask the right kinds of questions for the final and find answers to those questions. When re-reading the text ask yourself “what-questions” and “how-questions.” Also look at the data given in the text. How does a linguist interpret the data? What languages/cultures are represented in the text? What point is made about the languages/cultures? What are the key terms and what do they mean? We give precise examples of these kinds of questions. We give page numbers to help you find the answers. 1. Acquisition of Communicative Styles Learning Politeness in Japanese: (pp. 273-276) How does the Japanese language express politeness in language? a. What is omoiyari and how does this concept relate to language use? - ‘empathy with others’…. “join in negotiating responses to each others’ feelings aptitudes, and needs” indirectness, emphasize others’ desires, ambiguous to avoid conflict b. How are communicative skills taught to Japanese Children? - directly: chastise for incorrect response, give examples of correct responses, having them repeat the correct responses c. Do the data show how politeness is taught through language? If so, explain. If not, why not? - Think about what data would show politeness being taught… 1) properly polite responses and corrections… 2) Explicit reminders to children that something is ‘rude’ or ‘better, more polite’ … 3) corrections using politeness markers… 4) insistence and repetition of questions until properly polite answer is supplied … and LOOK for these in the data d. What does being Polite in English mean? How are the Japanese data different from/similar to what you might expect to find in English data? (more similarities, right…) - saving face still very important, considering: o terms of address o what other people want to or expect to hear 1
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o being sensitive to others, and the effect your responses have on others o may be expected to sometimes disregard one’s personal inclinations But still, some differences… in degree… - More direct answers (or: diplomatic, but still correct answers o NOT evasion, right… not too much, a little, maybe o Not too much ambiguity – considered disrespectful - NOT supposed to lie – disrespectful o Better to be ambiguous or diplomatic Question : The book states that “research concerned with ideals of communicative style in Japan reveals the importance of omoiyari .” Which statement(s) is (are) relevant to this communicative style in Japan? a. Speakers and listeners use Japanese to respond to each other’s feelings and needs
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This note was uploaded on 04/22/2008 for the course ANTH 1203 taught by Professor Berardo during the Fall '07 term at The University of Oklahoma.

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Thursday Review for Final - Review II for Final The...

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