POLSCI 160 Chapter 16 Notes

POLSCI 160 Chapter 16 Notes - Seeking Compromise When a...

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POLSCI 160 Chapter 16 Notes: THE CAUSES OF WAR: STRUCTURAL ACCOUNTS WAR VERSUS NEGOTIATION: INDIVISIBILITY, UNCERTAINTY, AND COMMITMENT There are three factors that contribute to the risk of war. 1. Asymmetric information or in common parlance or uncertainty. 2. The absence of credible commitments between sides or loosely speaking, a lack of trust. 3. An indivisible objective such as keeping or losing sovereignty. A central notion behind war theories is that there is always ex post inefficient. This means that after a war is over the two sides realize that they could have come to a negotiation that would have had the same costs or less. Uncertainty clouds this.
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Unformatted text preview: Seeking Compromise When a Dispute is Over an Indivisible Good: Winner-Take-All When whatever is being fought over is indivisible, then the risks of war are HUGE. War, Compromise, and Uncertainty Differences in the uncertainty in the chances of victory between two sides leads to a failure in negotiations and a greater risk for war. War, Compromise, and Commitment Problems Knowing the graet advantages in a FIRST-STRIKE it makes the risk of war greater. Sides have a hard time trusting eachother because both sides are aware taht each side would get such a great advantage of attacking first. This makes uncertainty and a greater risk of war....
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This note was uploaded on 04/22/2008 for the course PSYCH 111 taught by Professor Schreier during the Winter '08 term at University of Michigan.

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