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POLSCI 111 Chapter 2 Notes - POLSCI 111 Chapter 2 Notes...

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POLSCI 111 Chapter 2 Notes: Constructing a Government: The Founding and the Constitution THE FIRST FOUNDING: INTERESTS AND CONFLICTS Five sectors of society had interests taht were important in colonial politics. 1. New England merchants. 2. Southern planters. 3. The Royalists (holders or royal land, offices, and patents. 4. Shopkeepers, artisans, and laborers. 5. Small farmers. 5 and 4 were radicals that wante revolution but 1-3 were fine with England. When the British axation came about it angered 1 and 2 and they joined with 5 and 4. This is what allowed for the American revolution to even occur. British Taxes and Colonial Interests 1750s saw the rise of taxing the Colonies. The British needed some money after the French and Indian War. The 1760s were a big time for taxes as well. The new commerce taxes (Stamp act and Sugar act) most affected 1 and 2. March 5th 1770 was the Boston Massacre. This fanned anti-British sentiment across the colonies. To raise Collective Action a series of encounters, maneuvers, and confrontation were needed through planning, coalition, bargaining, comprimising, and coordenation. Conflicts among the colonists had to be solved through bargaining, persuasion, and even force. Political Strife and Radicalizing of the Colonists 1773, The British gave a monopoly to the Indian Tea company which hurt the colonial merchants big time. To make things worse the tea was sold directly from India instead of the colonies. This made the merchants call for support from the radicals again leading to the Boston Tea Party of 1773. Sam Adams (a radical) wanted the Tea Party to make the British do something and further make the colonists feel alienated and willing to unite. Surely enough, five months after the tea party the British passed several key punishments which helped radicalize many Americans. The British felt that they had to punish because tehy did not want lawlessness and craziness to go on in the Colonies. In 1774 the First Continental Congress was made. The Declaration of Independence The Second Continental Congress drafted it. Jefferson wrote it. Life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness were in it. It was good for unifying various groups in the Colonies. The Articles of Confederation The US first written constitution. It was the operant Constitution until 1789. Congress was given power, no executive branch everything was going to be state run. Congress was like the UN with teh states. THE SECOND FOUNDING: FROM COMPROMISE TO CONSTITUTION
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International Standing and Balance of Power Under the Articles of Confederation the central government had no power. The British wanted to negotiate with every state individually because of the Articles of Confederation. The Annapolis Convention Articles of Confederation were making the US weak internationally and domestic economy was bad so a new constitution needed to be drafted.
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