POLSCI 160 Chapter 7 Notes

POLSCI 160 Chapter 7 Notes - POLSCI 160 Chapter 7 Notes:...

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POLSCI 160 Chapter 7 Notes: What is Power? Power is divided into five parts. Persuasion, rewards, punishment, force, and fungibility of power. DEFINING POWER The ability of one actor, A, to get another actor, B, to do something B would not otherwise do. Morgenthau’s realism view finds that power is the quality that permits man’s control over the heart and actions of other men. Frey states: power is the relations between actors such that the behavior of one actor at least partly causes the behavior of another. Power is fundamentally relational. Power can be cyclical, like rock, paper, and scissors. METHODS OF EXCERCISING POWER There are four fundamental methods. 1. A can use persuasion to convince B that B should really do, out of its own free will and interest, what A wants it to do. 2. A can offer B rewards for changing its actions in accordance to what A wants. 3. A can threaten B with punishment if B does not do what A wants. 4. A can take direct action or force B to do whatever A wants against B’s will. Methods 1-3 allow B to choose to act as A desires. The use of force is always the most costly way of exercising power, at least in the short run. Persuasion Persuasion can act in three ways. 1. A may appeal to sentiments, values, ethics, morals, and principles in its efforts to persuade B. 2. A may bring out facts that B has overlooked. 3. A may point out rewards and punishments that will accrue to nation B if it pursues one course over the other. Much of diplomacy is based on these kinds of talk. Persuasion is usually the first step in trying to control the behavior of others because it is clearly the least expensive way of exercising power. It is not cost free. Persuasion is limited when there are no common interests. Liberal Theory and constructivism put great stock into persuasion as a means of exercising
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POLSCI 160 Chapter 7 Notes - POLSCI 160 Chapter 7 Notes:...

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