POLSCI 160 Chapter 1 Notes

POLSCI 160 Chapter 1 Notes - POLSCI 160 Chapter 1 Notes...

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POLSCI 160 Chapter 1 Notes: Modern Political Economic History and International Politics Policymakers must weigh the facts and logic of their circumstances in deciding what to do. If history is viewed as something that occurs by random chance, then there is no reason to try to learn from it or plan for the future. This book is all about learning lessons from the past. counterfactual histories: Alternative choices that could have been made in the past but were not made. Knowing prior flow of events and its causes often is instrumental in in shaping hte views of decision makers about what we do next. It is unfair to judge leaders of the past with facts that occured as a result of consequence. Many leaders before WWI would probably have changed their ways or settled more if they knew WWI was going to be so devestating and long. Another example: When Germany attacked Poland in 1939, today it is viewsed as the start of WWI. Back then, it was known as the Polish-German War. Making of foreign policy decisions, shaping of international politics, and our understanding of arguments and evidence depend on two basic but fundamentally different components: facts and theoretical perspective. THE FOURTEEN HUNDREDS 1453 produced a host important developments. The collapse of the Byzantine Empire occurred here. This was the successor to the ancient Roman empire and it was due part to the Islamic Ottoman Turkey. This is often seen as the end of the Middle Ages and the beginning of the Modern Era. This argument is mostly tied to the economic consequences of the fall of Constantinople and the implications of those economic consequences for Columbus's later voyages. The Turk's victory cut the Europeans off from easy access trade routes to the Indies (spices and such). This led to Columbus's journey of finding new trade routes to the Indies by sea. Spain's decision to back Columbus was directly backed by the heightened costs of overland trade brought about by the defeat of the Byzantine Empire. Ferdinand and Isabella wanted to secure their power by enriching their kingdom. This leads to the fact taht a monarchy is different from modern autocracy because the monarch's personal welfare is more closely tied to the welfare of the state. This is absent in riggin-election autocracies. Frederick III became the ruler of the Holy Roman Empire in 1452 and was just as pwerful as the Catholic Church. The Hadsburg Dynasty (rulers of the German states) had control of the Holy Roman Empire until 1806. During this span, German cultural, military, and political influence waned and waxed which helped set the stage for German ambitions in the first and second World Wars, maybe even contemporary German influence in the EU. 1337-1453 saw the resolution of the Hundrer Year's War between England and France.
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This note was uploaded on 04/22/2008 for the course PSYCH 111 taught by Professor Schreier during the Winter '08 term at University of Michigan.

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POLSCI 160 Chapter 1 Notes - POLSCI 160 Chapter 1 Notes...

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