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Eating Disorders & the Unhappy Female TriadLabette Community CollegePE 116
!STRESS Review!•What type of stress is considered “good” or healthy stress?•According to the American Institute on Stress, what percentage of illnesses are thought to be related to stress??•What is the best way for Americans to both reduce stress & burn Kcals???
Eating Disorders DefinedAnorexia Nervosa: An emotional disorder characterized by an intense fear of becoming obese, lack of self-esteem, distorted body image which results in self-induced starvation.Bulimia Nervosa: Recurrent episodes of binge eating in which a person feels unable to stop eating voluntarily followed by a variety of weight control methods such as self-induced vomiting, fasting, consuming diuretics, and purging with laxatives.Eating Disorders Not Otherwise Specified (EDNOS):Dysfunctional eating habits/poor nutrition/deficiencies
Eating Disorders•20% DEATH RATE Anorexia•90% Adolescent & Young Women/10% Male & >middle class•20% of ALL athletes/33+% of Female Athletes/ 5-10% teens• Anorexia- 1% and Bulimia- 1.5% of adolescent Females•Eating Disorders Not Otherwise Specified (EDNOS) up to 50-60%... funky nutritionChapter 84
Anorexia Nervosa•obvious thin/emaciated/sick appearance•12-21 females/competitive/perfectionist personality•distorted body image/fat & food phobic (control of food)•vv poor self-esteem & self perception •strong denial/depressed/easily agitated/angry •socially avoidant/cold/unemotional/lack of feeling• often tightly controlled by parents or a COACH• 3X normal rate of amenorrhea (loss of menses)Chapter 85
Bulimia Nervosa • binge & purge (10X day) to deal w/ life's stressors• total lack of control w/ food.. food controls them• constant concern w/ body image/shape/appearance• insecure/unjustified self-guilt/continually seeking approval• secretive around food/steal & horde food/excessive use of restroom• often alcohol + drugs involvedChapter 87
What is the Unhappy Female Triad?The unhappy female triadis a combination of three different disorders that commonlyaffect females & especially athletes:osteoporosis, eating disorders,and amenorrhea. (wikipedia 2000)
Who’s At Risk?Adolescents and women training in sports in which low body weight is emphasized for athletic activity or appearance are at greatest risk.