EUH2001 CH19 - Chapter 19 A Revolution in Politics The Era...

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Chapter 19 A Revolution in Politics: The Era of the French Revolution and Napoleon Professor Ronald G. Frazer
Timeline
Map 19.1: North America, 1763-1783
The American Revolution The War for Independence 1775, American patriots were rebels who took up arms in a civil war against their countrymen. They sought restoration of their traditional colonial privileges, economic and political. With Declaration of Independence of July 4, 1776, the rebels became revolutionaries – by severing their historic dependence on Great Britain.
The American Revolution Continued They also became republican by repudiating the authority of King George III. The patriots gave their newly independent state republican constitution, by vesting ultimate political authority in the hands of the people State governments would be radical experiments in self rule. The long war against Great Britain undermined the legitimacy of their Republican institution. Military destruction and economic hardship sharpened existing social division and tested the courage and will of the American people.
The American Revolution Continued The course of events prepared Americans for their radical action against their political “Father”. The king had supported ministers who passed oppressive legislation. He ignored their Olive Branch Petition. Thomas Paine crystallized the anti monarchical sentiments in his powerful pamphletCommon Sense- published in January 1776. “Monarchy and hereditary succession have laid the world in blood and ashes.” Brilliantly mixing course insults with Biblical quotation - blasted the British system of mixed government.
The American Revolution Continued “Common Sense” had a decisive effect on American political opinion - 20 thousand were sold within a few months. Thomas Jefferson devoted most of the Declaration of Independenceto a detailed indictment of the king’s conduct. The Congress approved it unanimously on July 4, 1776.
America’s New Constitution Procedures for the new Constitution were as controversial as the Document itself. Constitution would go into effect upon ratification by special convention in at least 9 of the 13 states. As with the adoption of the Virginia Plan such a provision constituted a clean violation of the Articles of Confederation. Proponents of a New Constitution called themselves Federalists, even though the advocated a “National” rather than a “federal” governmental Framework. \
America’s New Constitution Continued Seized the initiative and argued that the document written at Philadelphia would remedy the acknowledged defects of the Articles of Confederation. By creating a national political institution elected by the people, the Constitution added a new dimension to American life. Debates that took place on the National Level were directly related to political alignments in state and local electoral districts
The Impact of the American Revolution The American revolution acted as a shining beacon to Europeans anxious for change, and

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