mid term study guide - 1 Hist 110 Midterm Annihilation To...

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1 Hist 110 Midterm  Annihilation - To completely destroy and turn into nothing. This goes alongside with total war in which aims to completely destroy every part of an enemy. In battles of annihilation the army aims to destroy the enemy in that specific attack, and completely obliterate the enemy. Attrition - This is a strategic warfare concept that states to win a war, an enemy must be worn down to the point of collapse by the continuous losses of personnel and material. Usually the winner is the side which has the greatest amount of resources/reserves. Principles of War - Offensive : you achieve objectives at best through offensive action, can achieve decisive result this way, only defend as temporty expedient, clauesiwitz said defensive is the strongest mode of war. (Scott taking Mexico city) Objective: reminds officers all operations have clearly defined decisive and obtainable objective, all smaller objectives should contribute to the main objective (Scott taking Mexico City) Principles of concentration or mass and unity of command : Principles of concentration and mass : strongest part of your force must be brought to boar on decisive objectives of war, your strongest on their weakest,, George Washington used this. Principle of unity of command : should be one commander. Bunker Hill (June 1775 )- Bunker Hill was the first large-scale battle of the Revolutionary War. Revolutionary militiamen entrenched themselves and repelled the larger British force twice, before the British eventually took the ground. This battle gave patriots confidence as the British regulars sustained very heavy casualties against militiamen. 18 th century linear tactics- Quebec, 1759 - Wolfe and Montcalm arranged forced in convential (“traditional”)/ linier tactics. (irregular war decided by traditional means British forces captured Louisbourg and were then able to create a blockade at the St. Lawrence river. This was a decisive move and Britain staged a siege battle on Quebec in 1759. They were better discipline, had better regulars, better sailors,
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2 stopped the French on land. The French surrendered after the Battle of the Plains of Abraham Americans felt like they no longer needed the British army to protect them from the French. Colonial militias: Tradition and combat \ militia was primary military organization in the colonies used to fight Indians In principle every free man had an obligation to prepare, fight and drill if the country needed defense. We have militia because we didn’t want standing armies; didn’t want standing armies because they were dangerous, expensive, and not practical and a possible threat to government (could rebel). Colonial military power was vested colonial assembly and delegated to governor who appointed general officers and generals, company grade officers were elected by general enlisted men; and were generally middle class. There was no permanent staff such as a commissary or quarter master, and people
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mid term study guide - 1 Hist 110 Midterm Annihilation To...

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