PHIL 101- Quiz 1 Review

PHIL 101- Quiz 1 Review - (1)(PfP,38 Plato'sCrito;V2 How...

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(1.) Know Socrates three arguments against escaping prison (PfP, 3-8;  Plato's Crito; V2) How can one decide what the right thing to do is? Popular opinion is easily swayed and biased The Sanctity of Law- it would be a disaster of the state did not exist therefore we should not do things that destroy the state, it would destroy the state if we did not general obey the law therefore we should in generak obey the law Analogical Argument for Obedience- child relationship to parent as a citizen is to the state, owed state respect like child must obey parent obligation to state is even stronger must except what state says because we are indebted to the state The Social Contract- benefits of citizenship from the state causes obligation to obey law in return, no formal or written agreement Living in state and enjoying benefits is the agreement (2.) Know Aquinas' First Cause Argument (PfP, 21-2; BbR, 2nd way, p. 1;  V5). Every cause has a prior cause therefore nothing is self-caused The chain of causes cant go back indefinitely because then nothing would  have begun If there was no first cause then nothing would exist So there must be a first cause that we call God God is not in the world, he designed the world from scratch and je is not apart of the world he is outside of the universe. He’s a divine programmer creating laws of nature and is separate from the world not in that world (3.) Know Aquinas' argument from Contingency and Necessity (BbR, 3rd  way, p.1; V5) Contingent- something not necessary. Something that exists but might not have He wants to know could it be that everything is contingent?
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