2After the Civil War:After the Civil War:•13th Amendment - gave 4.3 million slaves their freedomBlacks make political and civil gains…•14th Amendment - African Americans given citizenship•15th Amendment - African American mengiven right to vote
3African Americans Lost Economic Power •40 Acres & a Mule- After slavery, many African Americans thought they would get this, but didn’t•Sharecropping - Instead work on land owned by whites & share profits from crops
4African Americans Lost Political Power •Poll Tax- had to pay to vote•Literacy Test- Had to read to vote•Grandfather Clause- Could get around 1st 2 if your grandfather could vote
The Presidential Nominees of 1876•Election of 1876 was controversial and disputed.•Republican nominee Rutherford B. Hayes and Democratic nominee Samuel Tilden.•Tilden, the Governor from New York was nominated in St. Louis alongside Indiana Governor Thomas Hendricks
•Rutherford B. Hayes, Governor of Ohio, and a former Congressman was nominated for the presidency by the Republican party in Cincinnati at the Republican National Convention, with New York Congressman William Wheeler nominated as his running mate.
Campaign Slander•Campaign slander was widespread, with slur tactics used in order to boost support for opposing candidates.
The Initial Outcome•It appeared initially as November 7th came to a close that Tilden was winning the Electoral College vote with 184 electoral votes to Hayes' 165. •The popular vote too appeared to favor Tilden with 51% or 4,284,020 for the Democratic candidate, while Hayes received 48% of the popular vote, or 4,036,572.
The Contested Results•The Electoral vote, 184 for Tilden and 165 for Hayes, and 20 electoral votes in dispute. •Three southern states, South Carolina with 7 electoral votes, Florida with 4, and Louisiana with 8, as well as Oregon (with only one of the three electoral votes contested) were contesting the results of their electoral vote.
Political Cartoons•The disputed election resulted in numerous political cartoons dedicated to the crisis. •The cartoon entitled "A National Game That is Played Out" represents the discontent of the cartoonist over the apparent gamy nature the disputed election was being handled.
•“Compromise Indeed!" represents the perceived bullying on the part of the Democrats in their plight. The popular press was particularly critical of the Democratic effort to get Tilden elected.
•"A Jewel Among Swine", presents a rather scathing view of the electoral boards of the disputed southern states, in this case Louisiana.
Election Violence and the Red Shirts•Violence and pressure occurred during the