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Territorial Expansion and SlaveryHST 155University of Phoenix
Territorial Expansion and SlaveryCompare the number of free and slave-holding states and territories throughout the timeline. How did Congress deal with the issue of slavery as new states were admitted and new territories acquired? How did these actions affect the tensions between the North and the South?Congress dealt with the issue of slavery by passing the Compromise of 1850. The compromise allowed California to be admitted into the union as a free-state and Texas as a slave state. It further went on to allow New Mexico and Utah the freedom to determine for themselves weatherthey would be a free state or not and reissued a more stringent version of the Fugitive Slave Act. (Compromise of 1850. 2015).The compromise was supposed to lighten tension between the free and slave states and it did temporarily revitalized the Union as well as postponed what would become the American Civil War for another ten years. (Compromise of 1850. 2015). However it also heighten tensions with the passing of the Fugitive Slave Act. With this law the northern states, who were reluctant to enforce slavery as they were morally opposed it, to capture and return any slave who is found within the free states to their slave owner. It also gave criminal sanctions to anyone who was found helping a runaway slave. This brought about anger from the northerners who refused to