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Unformatted text preview: Jordan Bunn Midterm Study Guide Identifications:---Cahokia: Who: Cahokian Indians. What: The largest North American city up until Philly with a population of nearly 20,000. At the cities center was the Monks Mound that covered 15 acres, surrounding the city was a 125 square mile metropolitan area that had 10 large towns…The city also dominated the vast network of commercial and political alliances during the time. When: Between the tenth and thirteenth centuries. Where: Near the confluence of the Mississippi and Missouri Rivers. Why: Many Illinois Indians traveled towards near the Mississippi and Missouri rivers and sought fertile land for agriculture and found the location of Choika to be ideal. Significance: Cahokia was one of the first centralized cities and has been called by some scholars to be the capital of the potential nation-state. ---Eastern Woodlands: Who: Woodlands Indians What: This culture consisted of Native American tribes inhabiting the eastern United States and Canada. The Eastern Woodlands were moderate-climate regions. The early inhabitants of the eastern woodlands were the first the European colonists met. When: 1200 b.c Where: The vast expanse stretching from the Mississippi valley to the Atlantic ocean. Why: This huge area boasted ample rainfall, numerous lakes and rivers, and great forests. The rich earth and forests from the Ohio River to the Gulf of Mexico comprised the southeastern part of the Eastern Woodlands. Significance: ---Market economy: Who: Southern farmers began this form of economy. What: A market economy is an economic system in which the production and distribution of goods and services take place through the mechanism of free markets guided by a free price system. When: The southern farmers began this in the colonial era, but the idea exploded after 1815. Where: Farming in the south and distributing in the Americas and even outside to other places. Why: To maximize profits. Significance: This whole type of economy opened up the door for prices to depend upon supply/demand and could raise for no reason. Also this new process caused farmers to borrow money in the offseason. This is also the opposite to what we no have where governments influence prices.---Enclosure movement: Who: Europeans. What: It is also applied to the process by which some commons, a piece of land owned by one person, but over which other people could exercise certain traditional rights, such as allowing their livestock to graze upon it, were fenced and deeded to one or more private owners. When: Beginning in around 1600. Where: Europe Why: Because by 1600 there were over 100 million Europeans and the crop yields were still very low, the rich wanted to enclose the common lands because property was at a premium and many peasants didn’t have written titles. Significance: The enclosure movement was just another hit to the peasants of Europe caused by the massive population growth. This caused even more peasants to move to nearby cities, which eventually overpopulated them and caused...
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This note was uploaded on 04/22/2008 for the course PHIL 100 taught by Professor Buckner during the Fall '08 term at Indiana.
- Fall '08