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Wines Final Study Guide

Wines Final Study Guide - France-Burgundy Beaujolais Rhone...

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France—Burgundy, Beaujolais, Rhone What are the classifications of Burgundy and Beaujolais wines and what flavor differences might one find when comparing them? Based on ratings of vineyards Grand Cru (great growth 35 hectoliters/hectare~385 cases) Over hundreds of years Burgundians have identified certain “climats” (or vineyard sites) that consistently yield grapes which produce great wines. These "best vineyard sites" have been labeled 2% of production and 32 vineyards Premier Cru (first growth and 45 hl/hect ~495). Other vineyards have been identified as producing excellent wines well above the average for a commune (village) 12% of production and 561 vineyards Commune or village ( 50 hl.hect ~550) wines which will vary more in quality but should provide enjoyable wines which possess the characteristics associated with the village they come from. 36% of production and 53 communes Regional wine . ( 55 hl/hect ~605) AOC Bourgogne The more specific the region the more specific the characteristics of the wine e.g., a wine labeled Côte de Nuits Villages can only be made from grapes grown in the geographic area of the Côte de Nuits (the northern part of Burgundy) as compared to AOC Bourgogne which can be made from grapes coming from any and all parts of Burgundy. 50% of production ****Specific areas are able to produce specific flavors: this is based on what is called Gout de Terroir or “flavor of soil” literally it means taste of soil. As “site” increases on classification less wine is produced decreases thus increasing price ***** upper yields limits according to classification Beaujolais wine classification: o Beaujolais nouveau are simplest newest wines (come out each thanksgiving) o Beaujolais superior are slightly more ripe and contain more alcohol 1% o Beaujolais villages: wines made from mixture of different villages- 39 villages o Cru Beaujolais are more sturdier more serious wines; produced from 10 top villages; highest level of Beaujolais o Chateau bottled has no real meaning Chablis Classification o Chablis Les Clos: wines from Les Clos vineyard(biggest and most famous vineyard and Gran Cru) o Petit Chablis: simple wine comes from area outside of traditional growing area o Chablis Premier Cru rarely elevated to gran cru status What are the major grape varieties grown in Burgundy and Beaujolais? White: o Chardonnay(Bourgogne blanc) most common o ALigote-secondary grape lower cost higher in acidity(very aggressive grape grown in smaller quantities)
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Red o Cote d’Or which is the heart of burgundy ; production is focused on Pinot Noir( Rouge) o Gamay is grown in Beaujolais o Gamay and Pinot Noir in passé-tout-grain What are the labeling requirements and how does one decode a Burgundy and Beaujolais wine label?
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