Chapter 1 outline

Chapter 1 outline - Chapter 1: The Sociological Perspective...

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Chapter 1: The Sociological Perspective The Sociological Perspective: Seeing the Broader Social Context: The sociological perspective stresses the social contexts in which people live o Examines how these contexts influence people’s lives o How do groups influence people? o How are people influenced by their society? To find out why people do that they do, sociologists look at social location Sociologists look at how jobs, income, education, gender, age, and race/ethnicity affect people’s ideas and behavior C. Wright Mills believed that each society is located in a broad steam of events o Because of this, each society has specific characteristics (ex: roles of men and women) o Also referred to each individual’s specific experiences People don’t do what they do because of inherited internal mechanisms EXTERNAL influences become part of our thinking and motivations o Example on PAGE 2 Sociological perspective helps us see the links between what people do and the social settings that shape their behavior The Growing Global Context: Communications connect us instantly with distant areas of the globe and a vast economic system connects us We continue to occupy little corners of life, marked by differences in family background, religion, job, gender, race/ethnicity and social class Sociology and the Other Sciences: The Natural Sciences: The natural sciences are the intellectual and academic disciplines designed to explain and predict the events in our natural environment Divided into specialized fields of research according to subject matter o Ex: biology, geology, chemistry, physics, etc. Further subdivided into even more highly specialized areas o Ex: Biology is divided into botany and zoology; Geology into mineralogy and geomorphology; etc. The Social Sciences: Developed fields of science that focus on the social world The social sciences examine human relationships attempting to understand the social world Divided into specialized fields based on their subject matter o Anthropology, economics, political science, psychology and sociology Subdivided further into specialized fields o Ex: anthropology is divided into cultural and physical anthropology; economics has macro and micro specialties, etc. Anthropology: The sister discipline of sociology Concern of anthropology is to understand culture o Culture includes artifacts, structure, ideas and values, and forms of communication (explanation on pg. 4) Main focus on tribal peoples, which is giving way to the study of groups in industrialized settings Economics: Concentrates on a single social institution
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Study the production and distribution of the material goods and services of a society o Want know what goods are being produced at what rate and at what cost and how those goods are distributed Interested in the choices determining production and consumption Political Science: Focuses on politics and government
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Chapter 1 outline - Chapter 1: The Sociological Perspective...

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