Chapter 3 outline

Chapter 3 outline - Chapter 3: Socialization What is Human...

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Chapter 3: Socialization What is Human Nature? Feral Children: Feral children are assumed to have been raised by animals in the wilderness, isolated from other humans Example of this is “ The wild boy of Averyon o 1798 a child was found who walked on all fours and could not speak was found in the forests of Averyon, France o Taken into a lab to be studied o Every time this child would see a small animal, he would growl, pounce and devour the animal uncooked If animals really have raised children, the sociological question is: if we were untouched by society, would we be like feral children? Unable to study feral children, sociologists turn to isolated children Isolated Children: What can isolated children tell us about human nature? o Conclude that humans have no natural language Isabelle: an isolated child o When given her first intelligence test, she scored practically a zero o After a few months of intensive language training, she was able to speak in short sentences o In about a year, she could write few words, simple addition, and retell stories after hearing them o Two years later, she reached an intellectual level that was normal for her age Language is key to human development without language, people have no mechanism for developing thought Without language, there can be no culture, no shared life, and culture is the key to what people become Institutionalized Children: Children reared in orphanages often had difficulty establishing close bonds with others and they tend to have low IQs Deprived Animals: Psychologists Harry and Margaret Harlow raised baby monkeys in isolation and gave them two artificial mothers o One mother was a wire frame with a wooden head, but nothing the monkey could nurse from o The other mother had no bottle and was covered with soft terrycloth o To obtain food, the monkeys nursed at the wire frame When the monkeys were purposefully frightened, they would cling to the terrycloth mother Harlows concluded that the infant other bonding is not the result of feeding, but of “intimate physical contact” also known as “cuddling” These monkeys were never able to adjust to monkey life and they didn’t know how to participate in “monkey interaction” The Harlows isolated baby monkeys for different periods of time and concluded that the monkeys that were isolated for a shorter period of time could overcome the effects of their isolation o 6 months or more, the monkeys were unable to adjust to normal monkey life The longer the period of isolation, the more difficult its effects are to overcome Socialization into the Self and Mind
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Cooley and the Looking-Glass Self: Back in the 1800s, Charles Horton Cooley (1864-1929), a symbolic interactionist at the University of Michigan, concluded that this aspect of “humanness” called self is created socially He said that our sense of self develops from interaction with others
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This note was uploaded on 04/22/2008 for the course SOCY 1000 taught by Professor Backman during the Spring '08 term at Auburn University.

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Chapter 3 outline - Chapter 3: Socialization What is Human...

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