National Standards for Physical Education

National Standards for Physical Education - National...

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National Standards for Physical Education ERIC Digest THIS DIGEST WAS CREATED BY ERIC, THE EDUCATIONAL RESOURCES INFORMATION CENTER. FOR MORE INFORMATION ABOUT ERIC, CONTACT ACCESS ERIC 1-800-LET-ERIC WHY SHOULD PHYSICAL EDUCATION BE TAUGHT IN THE SCHOOLS? Physical education is an integral part of the total education of the child and virtually every state, district, and school in the United States requires physical education for its students (Pate et al., 1995). Quality physical education programs are needed to increase the physical competence, health-related fitness, self-esteem, and enjoyment of physical activity for all students so that they can be physically active for a lifetime (Seefeldt & Vogel, 1986). Knowing that physical activity promotes health is not enough: students must be given opportunities to gain the knowledge and skills needed to adopt active lifestyles. Physical education teaches students how to add the habit of physical activity into their daily lives by aligning instruction with the National Standards for Physical Education, and by providing content and learning experiences that develop the skills and desire to be active for life. VALUES OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITY Physical activity improves muscular strength and endurance, flexibility, and cardiovascular endurance, as well as serves as a vehicle that helps children establish self- esteem and strive for achievable, personal goals. The Surgeon General's report, Physical Activity and Health (1996) concludes that regular moderate physical activity can substantially reduce the risk of developing or dying from heart disease, diabetes, colon cancer, and high blood pressure. The American Heart Association (1995) recommends that all children aged 5 years or older should engage in at least 30 minutes of daily physical activity at a moderate intensity and vigorous physical activity for 30 minutes at least 3 days per week. Acknowledgment of the contributions of school physical education to health led to the inclusion of two national objectives that are related to school physical education in Healthy People 2000, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services national health objectives (1990): Objective 1.8--Increase to at least 50% the proportion of children and adolescents in grades 1-12 who participate in daily school physical education. Objective 1.9--Increase to at least 50% the proportion of school physical education class time that students spend being physically active, preferably engaged in lifetime physical activities. The Surgeon General's report calls school-based physical education "the most widely available resource for promoting physical activity among young people in the United States," (Physical activity and health, 1996; p. 237) and recommends that "every effort
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should be made to encourage schools to require daily physical education in each grade and to promote physical activities that can be enjoyed throughout life." (p. 6) NATIONAL STANDARDS FOR PHYSICAL EDUCATION In 1986, the National Association for Sport and Physical Education (NASPE) appointed
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This note was uploaded on 04/22/2008 for the course PES 215 taught by Professor Allen during the Spring '08 term at Central Mich..

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National Standards for Physical Education - National...

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