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McGuire 1Mackenzie McGuireMr. RooneyUS History 2HApril 8th 2016On August 6th and 9th of 1945, the first ever nuclear weapon was used by the US in its ongoing war with Japan. The atomic bombings in Japan were and still remain the most controversial use of weaponry in wartime history. Some argue that the use of the atomic bomb was necessary and that Japan may have never surrendered without it.Others say that such a massively destructive weapon was overkill; that there were less harmful alternatives that could have forced Japan into surrender. After the attack on Pearl Harbor, the US had tunnel vision against Japan. This caused two impulsive atomicbombings of highly populated Japanese cities. At the time, the use of the atomic bomb may have seemed like the best option when it came to defeating Japan and ending the war. In hindsight, however, it seems as though there were other options that could have gotten Japan to compromise without doing such a substantial amount of harm.As World War II progressed, America’s main concern was the Soviet Union as it spread its communist power through Europe. What many did not realize, however, was the amount of tension the United States had with Japan. After Japan had become aggressive with the invasion of Manchuria, the US significantly slowed its trade with Japan with the hope of halting the attacks against China, while also taking a few steps back from the aggressor. Due to the lack of trade, Japan was now running low on necessary resources such as oil. This significantly worsened tension that already existed between the rivaling countries. On December 7th, 1941, Japan launched an
McGuire 2unexpected attack by bombing Pearl Harbor, a naval base in Hawaii. After the attack, the United States officially declared war on Japan.America’s intentions behind the use of nuclear weaponry were not bad. As World War II continued, large sums of money, as well as combatant lives, were being lost worldwide. The idea behind the nuclear attack on Japan was to end the war with one fast and efficient act of aggression. Meanwhile, the allies were in the midst of planning an invasion of Kyushu, Japan that was to be executed that November. Truman believed