Chapter 4 - Chapter 4 The audience Criticism and free...

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Chapter 4- The audience, Criticism, and free speech  14/02/2008 16:26:00 The people who watch Theatre is a group activity that is designed to be experienced w/ a sea of  strangers. On the contrary, television which is usually watch alone or with family or  friends. Without an audience there an be no theatre At its most basic, theatre requires someone to walk across an empty space  while someone else watches. Theatre artist have learned to manipulate their feelings, reactions, and even  thoughts. Primarily because of 3 factors: (1) Group Dynamics: is simply the functioning of humans when they come  together into groups. Studies have show that people act divergently when they are in a group  rather than alone. Even television producers no that we like to be part of a group; so when  something funny happens on a sitcom we hear many people laughing at the  same time. Theatres take advantage of group dynamics by selling tickets to seat all  audience members next to one another. So the audience will always be sited  as a group. Thus they will be influenced by group dynamics. Theatres reason that if the people around you are enjoying the play you most  likely will too. Some theatres go as far as to paper the house- to give away free tickets to  the families and friends of cast members in order to make it appear as though  the play is popular. Most likely to happen on an opening night when the critics  are viewing the play. The most famous group dynamics case was when The Beatles visited the US  on the Ed Sullivan shown. To sell them to audiences they hired and then  filmed young girls fainting during the performance. Soon young women  throughout the country were screaming and fainting for the group.  (2) Suspending disbelief: the audiences acceptance of the quasi-reality of a work of art  that enables the playwright, director, and actors to communicate perceptions about  reality; the term was coined by English poet Samuel Taylor Coleridge.
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