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IS_220_February_11_Medieval_Japan_Sansho_outline - IS 220...

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IS 220 February 11, 2007 Lecture/Discussion 13: Medieval Japan, Sanshō the Bailiff Varley, 91-139 What is feudalism? Characterized by the legal subjection of a large part of the peasantry to a hereditary landholding elite exercising administrative and judicial power on the basis of reciprocal private undertakings. Lack of centralized power, emphasis on voluntary oaths of loyalty and military support, and agrarian economy. Rise of a military class Military conscription abandoned 792 (peasant soldiers unsatisfactory). Reliance on locally powerful families Growth of warrior class in Kantō. Bow, horse; ritualized fighting in relatively small numbers, object to dismount opponent and kill him with a dirk Growth of Minamoto in Kantō Late 11 th C. wane in Fujiwara power, retired emperors start to assert claim to power 1156 Hogen rebellion – Forces supporting Go-Shirakawa defeated forces supporting Sutoku, both retired emperors. Yoshitomo and Kiyomori become heads of Minamoto, Taira clans.
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  • Winter '08
  • Filler
  • Samurai, Heiji Rebellion, Emperor Go-Shirakawa, reciprocal private undertakings, military class Military, courtier class

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