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IS_220_January_28_Heian_Period_Outline

IS_220_January_28_Heian_Period_Outline - IS 220 Lecture 8...

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IS 220 January 28, 2007 Lecture 8 – COURT SOCIETY Varley, 48-76 Keywords: Nara (710-794), Soga clan, Prince Sh toku (574-622), Daibutsu, H ry ō ō ūji, Fujiwara family, Tendai, Shingon, Amida (Amidism), Pure Land Buddhism (J do), ō mapp ō Asuka and Hakuh periods (500-645, 645-710) ō Soga Clan – powerful family, aspired to overthrow Imperial family, spread Buddhism (Supported Prince Sh toku ō ) Sh toku’s 17-article constitution: Confucian document, calling for ethical government, ō Buddhism. Very Confucian document. Taika Reforms - Emperor K toku in the year 646. Abolished private land ownership, ō established capital region, took population census, redistributed rice farming land, established new system of taxes. Nara Period (710-794) – Important influence from Tang China (Capital Chang An, 618- 907): Height of Chinese influence o First permanent capital/ government Nara (Heijo) modeled on Ch’ang an, Chinese capital of T'ang dynasty Government modeled after Chinese model o Strong Buddhist Influence * artistic and philosophical; refining and civilizing effect on rude warriors of tribal Japan * art and technology of art * Buddhism supported by government * Built Daibutsu in Nara, center of Japanese Buddhism (dedicated 752)
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