IS_220_January_14_outline_Language

IS_220_January_14_outline_Language - IS 220 January 14,...

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January 14, 2007 Lecture 3 – The Japanese Language Overview Japanese is sometimes used in an imprecise way, but it can be precise as it wishes to be. Difficult? Yes – very complex writing system, intricate system of politeness No – many English borrowings, straightforward pronunciation Sound system – relatively simple: 5 vowels, 10 basic consonants Different levels/styles of speaking Styles – ordinary, humble, honorific, etc. Pronunciation of Japanese (handout) Written language Kanji – “Chinese characters” (Usually at least 2 “readings,” and 1 or more “meanings” attached) *not really “ideographs” – represent words or syllables 1,945 required to read at high school level/newspaper Hiragana – cursive syllabary Katakana – angular syllabary Also rōmaji – Roman letters e.g. I watch television.” te re bi o mi ma su. Grammar Tendency to omit subject, unless necessary. E.g.
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IS_220_January_14_outline_Language - IS 220 January 14,...

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