IS_220_January_09_outline_Prehistory

IS_220_January_09_outline_Prehistory - Lecture Outline IS...

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Lecture Outline – IS 220 – Introduction to Japan 1 – PREHISTORY Significance of pre-historic culture Japan inhabited from at least 50,000 B.C. Oldest pottery in the world Some present-day customs: seafood diet, hibachi burners, cleanliness/baths What we know comes from: · Japanese early histories (early 8th century: Kojiki and Nihongi) · Chinese dynastic records of visits to Japan: 50AD, 200A.D. (Himiko) · Archeology J ōmon or “rope-pattern” culture c. 14,500 B.C. – 300 B.C . Possible Siberian/inner Asian origins Round huts, shell heaps Hunter/gatherer culture Evidence of spiritual practices Yayoi Period C. 300 B.C. – 300 A.D. Linked with migration from the continent, mainly from Korea to Ky ūshū (Southenmost main island) Seemingly new racial/genetic group appears (commonality with Korea) Socio-political organization: chieftains who governed multiple villages Use of Iron Wet-field rice farming Unadorned pottery, longhouses on stilts (cf. Ise shrine)
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IS_220_January_09_outline_Prehistory - Lecture Outline IS...

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