Midterm I Review

Midterm I Review - Pope Alexander VI: late 15th century was...

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Pope Alexander VI: late 15 th century was of Spanish origin himself therefore favored Spanish over Portuguese. Since Spanish and Portugal had begun exploring the New World and down the coast of Africa and into Asia, they began to argue over whose domain each place was. Alexander came up with the Treaty of Tordesillas (1494) after Portuguese rejected inter caetera for being too lenient towards the Spanish. (All territory under Christian rule should be left untouched.) When the printing press began spreading texts that the Church considered heretical, in 1501 issued bull that said that strict control should be held over the works published to prevent anything antagonistic to Catholic faith Amerigo Vespucci : Italian - first to make the claims after his voyages down the east coast of South America (1501) that it was in fact a New World - Mundus Novus – (letter he wrote) – most before him believed they had set foot on East Asia, Americas named after him Inter caetera : May 4, 1493, first papal bull issued by Pope Alexander VI. Stop territorial fights of Spain and Portugal in the New World. Land west to Spain, land east for Portugal. Was a meridian 100 leagues west of Cape Verde Islands. (All territory under Christian rule should be left untouched.) Spain and Portugal were the main countries who were exploring New World and trading with Asia at this point. encomienda: allowed Spanish conquistadores to have control of the land they conquered – used in New World, came for Gold, Glory, God, and sometimes for curiosity, conquistadores were able to tax the people and demand them to work for him, part of showing how poorly Natives were treated, first type of organized law on the continent Bartolome de Las Casas: 16 th century Dominican, Bishop of the New World, witnessed destruction of the Natives, wrote to Queen to ease the plight of the natives, wrote sympathetically, wrote to evoke feelings of the plight of early Christians so as to get the sympathy, alluded to Bible, work was passed around Europe Christopher Columbus: 1492 first voyage excellent navigator, was convinced he would find gold, and when finally saw that was not possible, wanted to convert the people to Christianity, was funded by Ferdinand of Isabelle of Spain after Reconquista where they got rid of the Moors and were titled the “Catholic monarchs” by the Pope, sucks up to patrons in his letters about New World, made it seem that the Natives would be welcoming to being converted or could easily be converted into slaves, surprised about there not being any human “monsters”, given title “Admiral of the Ocean Sea”, made New World seem like Eden Hispaniola: where Columbus landed, east of Cuba, 1493 first New World colony founded there by Columbus Alvise da Cadamosto: 1455 Venetian funded by Henry the Navigator, explored down coast of Africa, trying to reach Senegal, main goal was to reach Indian and Indonesia (Spice Islands) spoke of slave trade, found Cape Verde, surprised humans could live in
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Midterm I Review - Pope Alexander VI: late 15th century was...

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