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psych study guide test 3 - General Psychology(PSYC 101...

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General Psychology (PSYC 101) - Chapter 8 Motivation (Module 8.2) Emotion (Module 8.3) If the term is in the Lecture only, it will have an (L) by it. If it is in the Textbook only, it will have a (T) by it. There is no extra mark by those terms that are presented in both the text and lecture. HUNGER Internal Cues Stomach contractions (L) Changes in nutrients (e.g. glucose) in blood (L) Hypothalamus Lateral Hypothalamus (LH) – feeding center Ventromedial hypothalamus (VMH) – stopping (satiety) center Hormones (Leptin) Biology and weight (obesity) Body Mass Index (BMI) Heredity Metabolic Rate (L) Fat cell theory Set Point Theory External Cues (examples) Eating and culture (L) Eating Disorders Anorexia Nervosa
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Bulimia Nervosa Binging Purging “Causes” of eating disorders EMOTION PHYSIOLOGICAL/AROUSAL COMPONENTS OF EMOTION Autonomic Nervous System sympathetic parasympathetic Brain and emotion The Limbic System amygdala Cortex: Right Hemisphere: Left hemisphere Application of the Bio components: Polygraph William Marston Pros Cons Application of the Bio components: fMRI (L) COGNITIVE/SUBJECTIVE STATE OF EMOTION Common sense James- Lange
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Cannon-Bard Schachter’s Two Factor Theory of Emotion. Dual-Pathways model of Fear (LeDoux). high road low road THE BEHAVIORAL or EXPRESSIVE COMPONENT OF EMOTION We express our emotions outwardly through behaviors and words. Nonverbal cues Facial Expressions 6 basic emotions Paul Ekman and Carroll Izard…. Display Rules Eye Contact Body Language and gestures Personal space Gestures RELATION BETWEEN EXPRESSION AND EXPERIENCE OF EMOTION Facial feedback hypothesis Sylvan Tomkins Ekman and colleagues LOVE Sternberg Triangular theory of love
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Intimacy Passion Commitment
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Seven types of love 1. Liking 2. Infatuated love 3. Empty love 4. Romantic love 5. Fatuous love 6. Companionate love 7. Consummate love DO ANIMALS HAVE EMOTIONS? (L) Developmental Psychology Chapter 9 - Modules 9.1-9.3 Prenatal and Infancy Developmental psychology – studies changes occurring across the lifespan, from birth to death (womb to tomb) A. Controversies in Developmental Psychology 1. Nature vs. Nurture 2. Continuity vs. Discontinuity 3. Universality 4. Stability of characteristics B. Research methods 1. Longitudinal – study the same individual or groups of individuals over an extended period of time
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2. Cross sectional – pick one point in time, but compare groups of people (each group representing a different age) Prenatal Development (from conception to birth) Germinal Stage (2 weeks) Fertilization Zygote Embryonic Stage (6 weeks) Embryo Fetal Stage (remaining weeks) C. Prenatal Risks Taratogens – environmental factors that can harm the developing embryo/fetus Critical periods
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Nutrition Infectious Diseases Rubella STDs Smoking SIDS Alcohol and Drugs Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) Fetal Alcohol Effects (FAE) D. Infancy Physical Development Reflexes (automatic, unlearned responses) – disappear by 6 months of age Moro Grasping Rooting Sucking Babinski Mimic facial expressions Motor skills (voluntary purposive movements) Maturation Sensory Perceptual Development Vision
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