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Psych. Human Dev. Exam 3 Review

Psych. Human Dev. Exam 3 Review - Exam 3 Review Chapters...

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Exam 3 Review, Chapters 13-19 Chapter 13 – Summary Physical development tends to be complete by early adulthood, a time during which physical  capabilities are at a peak; although young adults are typically healthy, vigorous, and energetic, senescence  has begun; late maturers do tend to continue to grow during this period; parts of the body, such as the  brain-which grows in both size and weight-continue to grow; the senses tend to be strong throughout this  period  Young adults tend to be at the peak of their psychomotor abilities-reaction time is quicker, muscle  strength is greater and eye-hand coordination is better than at any other period  Although exercise and proper diet are necessary for staying well, few people get the recommended  amount of exercise and involvement in exercise tends to be more characteristic of the middle and upper  class; exercise increases cardiovascular fitness, lung capacity increases, muscles become stronger and  the body is more flexible and maneuverable; range of moment is greater and muscles, tendons, and  ligaments are more elastic; exercise helps reduce osteoporosis and may optimize the immune system of  the body, decrease stress and anxiety and reduce depression; exercise increases longevity  Health in early adulthood is affected by accidents, diseases such as AIDS, cancer, and heart  disease, and suicide; secondary aging is associated with lifestyle choice, environmental influences, and  cultural factors such as gender and race  To maintain proper/healthy nutrition, young adults must taper the amount of calories they consumed  during adolescence and pay attention to the types of foods they eat; young adults who do not reduce their  calorie intake and eat foods high in fat are at risk for becoming overweight and, in some cases, obese  Individuals with disabilities face physical barriers and prejudice and discrimination, barriers that can  affect the overall well-being of the person with the disability  Whether or not people experience stress is determined by if and how people move through a series  of stages; primary appraisal is an individual's assessment of an event to determine if the implications are  positive, negative, or neutral; secondary appraisal is an individual's assessment of whether or not her  coping mechanisms are sufficient in face of the stressor; events that lead to negative emotions are more  likely to lead to stress; situations that are uncontrollable are more likely to produce stress; events that are 
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