Chinese New Year - Chinese New Year (simplified Chinese: ;...

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Chinese New Year (simplified Chinese: ( ; traditional Chinese: ( ( ( ( ; pinyin : Nónglì xīnnián; literally: "Agrarian Calendar New Year") or Spring Festival (simplified Chinese: ( ( ; traditional Chinese: ( ( ; pinyin : Chūnjié) is the most important of the traditional Chinese holidays. It is sometimes called the Lunar New Year , especially by people outside China. It is an important holiday in East Asia. The festival traditionally begins on the first day of the first lunar month (Chinese: ( ; pinyin: zhēng yuè) in the Chinese calendar and ends on the 15th; this day is called Lantern Festival (simplified Chinese: ( ( ; traditional Chinese : ( ( ; pinyin : yuánxiāojié). Chinese New Year's Eve is known as Chúxī (( ). Chu literally means "pass" and xi means "Eve". Celebrated in areas with large populations of ethnic Chinese , Chinese New Year is considered a major holiday for the Chinese and has had a strong influence on the new year celebrations of its geographic neighbours, as well as cultures with whom the Chinese have had extensive interaction. These include Koreans, Mongolians , Nepalese , Bhutanese , Vietnamese , and formerly the Japanese before 1873. In Singapore , Indonesia , Malaysia , the Philippines , Thailand , and other countries with significant Chinese populations, Chinese New Year is also celebrated, largely by overseas Chinese , but it is not part of the traditional culture of these countries. In Canada, although Chinese New Year is not an official holiday, many ethnic Chinese hold large celebrations and Canada Post issues New Year's themed stamps in domestic and international rates. Although the traditional Chinese calendar did not use continuously numbered years, its years are now often numbered from the reign of Huangdi outside China. But at least three different years numbered 1 are now used by various writers, causing the year beginning in 2008 to be 4706, 4705, or 4645. Chinese New Year starts on the first day of the new year containing a new moon (some sources include New Year's Eve) [ citation needed ] and ends on the Lantern Festival fourteen days later. This occurs around the time of the full moon as each lunation is about 29.53 days in duration. In the Gregorian calendar , Chinese New Year falls on different dates each year, a date between January 21 and February 20 . This means that the holiday usually falls on the second (very rarely third) new moon after the winter solstice . In traditional Chinese Culture, lichun is a solar term marking the start of spring, which occurs about February 4 . History It is unclear when the beginning of the year was celebrated before the Qin Dynasty . Traditionally, the year was said to have begun with month 1 during the Xia Dynasty , month 12 during the Shang Dynasty , and month 11 during the Zhou Dynasty . However, records show that the Zhou Dynasty began its year with month 1. Intercalary months, used to keep the lunar calendar synchronized with the sun, were added after month 12 during both the Shang Dynasty (according to
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This note was uploaded on 04/21/2008 for the course CHIN 002 taught by Professor Ning during the Spring '08 term at Lehigh University .

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Chinese New Year - Chinese New Year (simplified Chinese: ;...

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