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LAS 333 Notes - LAS 333 Economic Development How should we...

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LAS 333 – February 28, 2007 Economic Development How should we explain it? - Economic Structure? o Position of La in the world economy o Comparative advantages in primary products o Late development - Ideas and Ideology? o Political culture o Economic strategy: ISI, neoliberalism, etc. Two Qs: what causes development and what are the political consequences? ISI and Authoritarianism - Earlier explanations for democratic breakdowns in LA o Political culture/ “tradition” o Poorly designed institutions o US intervention/fear of communism o Modernization - What ISI does o State intervention in the economy o Creation of winners and losers o Winners are: Concentrated Dependent on state policy - Links to Authoritarianism o Deepening/ backward linkages o Uneven expansion of consumption; inequality o Interest group analogue – concentrated winners - Fall of ISI and return to democracy? - Look at when military governments ended: o Chile 1970-1989 o Argentina 1976-1983 o Brazil 1964-1985 o Uruguay 1972-1985 o Ecuador 1972-1979 o Peru 1968-1978 o Bolivia 1964-1982
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