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Hybrid Cars 1Hybrid Cars ComparisonAnna LetscherArgosy University
Hybrid Cars 2Society today has become much more environment conscious. Carpooling, solar panels, hybrid and electric vehicles have become popular as the threat of global warming grows. With environmental consciousness a major factor in production, more and more car companies are creating hybrid vehicles to meet people’s demands. Before we explore the many options of hybrid vehicles, it is imperative we understand how hybrid technology works. Hybrid technology consists of many different elements. The first element of hybrid technology is regenerative braking. Regenerative braking consists of capturing some of a vehicle’s kinetic energy and using it to create electricity and storing it in the vehicle’s batteries. Another element of hybrid technology is an electric motor which reduces the demand on the gasoline engine, allowing for it to be downscaled and operated more efficiently. Some hybrids, the most efficient ones, also have an element known as electric-only drive. This allows the vehicle to use less fuel by driving entirely on electricity. Plug-in hybrids can drive entirely on electricity for up to 30 miles and at moderately high speeds, depending on the vehicle. Non plug-in hybrids mostly use electric-only power for starting up, coasting, driving at low speeds, and stopping. With all the hybrid and electric cars that are on the market, it’s hard to choose, but the biggest question is: are all hybrids created equal? In order to answer that question we must take alook at the most popular hybrids and compare, starting with the least popular to the most popular.The fifth most popular hybrid model is the Ford Fusion Hybrid. The Ford Fusion Hybrid works both off an electric motor and gasoline engine, also known as power-split architecture. The electric motor gets it power from a lithium ion battery coupled into a “2.0L I-4 Atkinson-cycle powertrain, coupled with an electronically controlled continuously variable transmission (eCVT) and a high-voltage electric motor” (Ford.com). This makes the for better fuel efficiency by constantly charging the battery through a countless amount of gear ratios. The engine contains
Hybrid Cars 3late intake valve closing which allows it to easily switch between electric and gas modes. The Fusion uses regenerative energy, meaning when the car breaks, it recovers more than 94% of its energy and sends it back to the battery to be stored for later use (Ford.com). It can operate in the all-electric mode for up to 47 mph. The Ford Fusion hybrid is ecofriendly on the inside as well astechnologically. The seats are made of polyester fibers containing 85% post-industrial materials. It gets an estimated 44 miles per gallon in the city and 41 mpg on the highway. The cost of the fusion starts at $26,575.