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Sociology Chapter 8

Sociology Chapter 8 - head of household 2 Federal poverty...

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Introduction to Sociology 1101A Spring 2008 Class Notes 02.28.08 I. Chapter 8: Social Class in the U.S. A. Types of social mobility 1. Intergenerational – between generations. a. GI Bill of 1944. 1. Allowed many veterans to receive education and to obtain mortgages, opportunities their parents didn’t have. 2. Provided funds for education or training; low-interest loans for a home, business or farm; unemployment benefits; expansion of hospital system. 3. Between 1944 and 1952, 7.8 million veterans received education or training (half of those who served in World War II) and 2.4 million received mortgages for homes. 2. Structural – changes in society allow for movement, examples: new jobs created by computers, opportunities through the GI Bill of 1944. 3. Exchange – upward and downward movement balances out. B. Poverty 1. Greatest predictors of poverty: race/ethnicity, education and gender of
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Unformatted text preview: head of household. 2. Federal poverty level and thrifty food plan. a. 2008 federal poverty guideline 1. For family of 4: $21,200 / year 2. Used to determine eligibility for Head Start, the Food Stamp Program, the National School Lunch Program, the Low-Income Energy Assistance Program, and the Children’s Health Insurance Program. b. Thrifty food plan 1. For family of 4: 2 adults + 2 children under age 5: $112.60/week 2 For family of 4: 2 adults + 2 children 6-11 years old: $129.60/week. 3. Michael Harrington a. Mentioned on p. 215 of white Henslin book. b. The Other America, a report by Harrington in early 1960s, is the basis for the War on Poverty created by Presidents Kennedy and Johnson. c. War on Poverty programs = Head Start, Medicare, Medicaid, Food Stamp Program, Work Study Program....
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