Psychopathology - Psych Study Sheet#3 Psychopathology...

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Psych Study Sheet #3 Psychopathology - problematic patterns of thought, feeling, or behavior that disrupts an individual’s sense of well-being or social or occupational functioning Ex) disorders Refusing to conform to others expectations Cultural Context of Psychopathology Every society has its concepts of “madness” and what a society considers normal or abnormal is consistently changing Stigmatize those who don’t conform Labeling theory - diagnosis is a way of stigmatizing individuals a society considers deviant Disorders are different in different cultures. Define Disorder Neuroses - problems in living, interferes with your daily functioning Personality Disorders - enduring maladaptive patterns of thoughts, feelsing and behavior that lead to chronic disturbances in interpersonal and occupational functioning. o It will lead to long-term bodily harm Causes impairment for someone else Psychoses - gross disturbances involving a loss of touch with reality DSM-IV Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) – manual of clinical syndromes that researchers and clinicians use to make diagnosis o a common language is essential o 6 incarnations Axis I- describes state disorder- symptoms
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Axis II- describes trait disorder- personality disorder Axis III- lists and general medical conditions that are relevant Axis IV- psychosocial or environmental stressors Axis V- rates patients current level of functioning- Global assessment Schizophrenia - an umbrella term for a number of psychotic disorders that involve disturbances in nearly every dimension of human psychology, including thought, perception, behavior, language, communication and emotion. the “rock star” or psychological disorders thoughts- delusions - false beliefs firmly held despite evidence to the contrary perception- hallucinations - perceptual experiences that distort or occur without external stimulation Types: o Paranoid o Catatonic o Disorganized o Undifferentiated o Residual Positive symptoms- added to functioning, delusions, hallucinations Negative symptoms- missing from functioning, flat affect (blunted emotional response) NEURAL ATROPHY o Neuron loss in brain results in a diminished volume of the brain tissue o Dopamine hypothesis - implicates the neurotransmitter dopamine in schizophrenia o Glutamate hypothesis - schizophrenia reflects reduced responsiveness of brain to glutamate
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Psychopathology - Psych Study Sheet#3 Psychopathology...

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