gen sociology final

gen sociology final - Final Exam Study Guide/August...

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Final Exam Study Guide/August Moschitto/Section 3: Wednesday @ Noon/Intro to Soc 1.Deviance: Labeling Culturally defined norms are what “should” be done in a society. They may not necessarily be laws although most laws are also cultural norms. When one breaks a norm they are deviant and labeled as so by society. In this way norms perpetuate themselves by labeling people as deviant and therefore affirming the norm that was not followed. So if a high school student drops out they are labeled as deviant. Then people look at them as deviant, as someone doing wrong or “messing up their life (symbolic interactionist).” This affirms people’s respect for education and their desire to stay in school. Also in this way labeling makes the deviant person think they are deviant because of the looking glass self. They are how others define them, and because the dropout is defined as deviant they are. 2.Deviance: Normative Order The normative order is what society stamps as normal. Deviance is the act of going against those norms. Conflict theory says those in power dictate what is normal. Deviance again holds the normative order by showing people what is wrong and what is right. In this way though deviance isn’t bad it is what we deem as bad. Similarly those who are deviant are controlled by social forces that make them unable to conform and have no choice but to deviate. Normative order causes people to have a narrowing choice of what they can do, and deviance is making choices outside that narrow spectrum. The arbitrary nature of normative order can be seen when comparing drastically different culture’s norms. Obviously both cultures are biologically people, but what causes such differences in culture is the norms that are projected by those in power. Japan and the U.S. have norms that are very different from one another. We read about a American tourist who when to Japan and was moved around from hotel to hotel at the hotel manager’s bidding. Here that would be very rude, but it just is there culture and shows how we are more territorial than they are. Also how we greet each other varies greatly. We shake hands, they bow. Each of us thinks the other is odd but it is just cultural differences as defined by normative order. This shows how arbitrary normative order is. MY THIRD DEFINITION IS NOT VERY GOOD I AM LOOKING FOR MORE INFORMATION ON IT MAYBE WE COULD DISCUSS IT TOMORROW IN CLASS THANKS SAM 3. definitions of Normality - statistical normal, scientifically legitimated quantitative model of normality - “normal” – common, usual, typical, average, routine, expected in terms
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of basic stats - what is normal becomes what is right - determines what are right and wrong social identities - boundary between normal and not is arbitrary - prescriptive and descriptive - crime statistically normal, integral to all societies, universal Provides reason for nationalism, language, literacy as a means of social control 4. Normalization In relational database design, the process of organizing data to minimize
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This test prep was uploaded on 04/21/2008 for the course SOCI 101 taught by Professor Euell during the Fall '07 term at Ithaca College.

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gen sociology final - Final Exam Study Guide/August...

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