1TEXTURED READING FOR LESSON 1 - AFRICAN CULTUREAdditional Materials to Introduce the lesson on the Origin of African Slavery:1.Documentary DVD – “ The Middle Passage” – Steven Speilberg2.Slavery in Africa as Reflected in the Work of Olaudah Equiano3.Possible Movies - Amistad ; Twelve Years of slaveryIntroduction to the Activity:For many years prior to the Emancipation Proclamation, millions of people from WestAfrica were enslaved and brought to America to be sold. Slavery existed throughout the UnitedStates, including places such as New York and New Jersey. Though it was later contained in theAmerican South, and finally eradicated after the Civil War, hundreds of thousands of enslavedAfricans lived for multiple generations in our country.West Africans who were captured and sold into American slavery underwent a profoundchange of life, a voyage that would alter their lives forever. In many cultures, such life changingexperiences are called "rites of passage."Ask your students how they think the West Africans felt about being sold into slavery.How would their lives have changed? What emotions might they have experienced? Explain toyour students that they will now examine slavery through the eyes of the slaves themselves.At the end of the activity ( Film viewing or Reading the given text) Ask your students how the story thus far is a rite of passage. What sort of mental and physical voyage do the slave have undergone? How has their life changed?Olaudah EquianoThe Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano, or Gustavus Vassa, the African. Written byHimself.Vol. I. London: Author, .IntroductionThe institution of slavery is as old as civilization. Many nations and empires werebuilt by the muscles of slaves. But what kinds of people were enslaved, and why? In ancientcivilizations, slaves were usually war captives. The victors in battle might enslave the losersrather than killing them. Over time, people have found other reasons to justify slavery. Slaveswere usually considered somehow different than their owners. They might belong to a differentrace, religion, nationality, or ethnic background. By focusing on such differences, slave ownersfelt they could deny basic human rights to their slaves.And despite many efforts to end slavery, it still exists today. Some 27 millionpeople worldwide are enslaved or work as forced laborers. That's more people than at any otherpoint in the history of the world.
2The first Africans, twenty in number, landed at the port Jamestown, Virginia in 1619. They were brought to the colony as indentured servants. To meet the growing demand for labor, Virginia instituted slavery in 1671. From that time 'til slavery's abolition in 1865, millions of African slaves were shipped to North America. White fortunes were made, banks and businesses founded, towns and cities built, and independence gained in the two hundred fifty years slavery existed. This was no coincidence. The unpaid labor of slaveswove through every aspect of American life.