Hist206 – Exam 1°Douglas won election but not popular vote.Why the split? Because of slavery -Mexican warAmerican victory and gained California, modern day Arizona, half of Nevada and Texas, New Mexico. oThe question becomes:what happens to that new territory? That land gets admitted as individual states but do they are admitted as free or slave states?Previously there was a balance of the number of states.Lincoln did not favor abolitionist, but he said slavery should not expand. It could exist where it existed Californiarichest most fertile landhow it becomes admitted into the union is crucialfree state.oDouglas believed eligible voters in the territory should decide for themselvesoBreckinridge argued that slavery should expand wherever it should be.After election of 1860, 1 by 1 the slave states began to secede. (7 southern states before Lincoln was aunigated and 4 after) they believed that no slave expansion was a violation of their liberty. They felt they could move their property (slaves) wherever they chose. 5 slave states did not secede: Delaware, Maryland, West Virginia, Missouri, KentuckyApril of 1861: civil war began. oLincoln predicted that this would be a short war, that he was misunderstood, and that the states of rebellion would see thathe did not pose a threat. ……. BUTit was deadliest/bloodiest war.o1/15 Americans were killed or wounded. Throughout the war, Lincoln was still questioning where he stood about slavery. oIn Aug. of 1861,he wrote to Porris Greeley, saying the most important thing to him was the preservation of the union. It was his top priority. oLincoln shorty after issues the emancipation proclamation:Those who are slaves will be emancipated but only in the states of rebellion. He felt it was importantly symbolic: from being wishy-washy about slavery to being about emancipation because he believed the war needed a meaning.°-America’s first major export was from southern cotton plantations.