achievement gap r

achievement gap r - 1 English Composition II April 26, 2007...

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1 English Composition II April 26, 2007 Gap or Gully: Solutions for Closing the Achievement Gap The achievement gap between white and black Americans has been extensive for hundreds of years. It gap can be described as the observed inequality on a number of educational measures between groups of students (Williams 1). Even though there are many factors that can affect a student’s accomplishments; the two major factors that keep black students from being as successful are economic and social reasons. There have been many solutions for decreasing “the gap” (Williams 1). One answer to this problem came in the form of President Bush's No Child Left Behind Act, which was designed to help underprivileged students receive the help they need. However, there have been so many changes made to the law that it has become ineffective. Another suggestion is find better qualified teachers for areas where black students have the most disadvantages. This will help more students succeed because better qualified teachers will hold all students to the same standard push the students to do their best. Unfortunately, this solution does not resolve the money issue. The most effective remedy would be to have their teacher, caregivers, and parents to start teaching and working with the children at an early age, along with giving money to comprise better schools. Receiving the money for better schools and daycare centers will help with the financial problems, while working with the children while they are still young will show them their full potential from the start and they will want to work towards it. Nevertheless, before one can look at the solutions for the problems one must first have a sense of what the problem is. First this essay will discuss the achievement gap, and then it will move on to ways to fix it. Research has identified a variety of factors that may cause the achievement gap: students' racial and/or economic background, their parents' education level, their access to high-quality
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2 preschool instruction, peer influences, teachers' expectations and curricular and instructional quality (William 1). Unfortunately, black students have a tendency to fall on the negative side of these factors. Many are poor with parents whose education ended with high school, some not making it to graduation. The students’ schools tend to be in poor shape, and they lack the teachers and equipment needed to give proper instruction. Many of the teachers are not qualified and do not really try to push the students to do their best, but they are the only ones these schools can get (Borsuk 1). For this reason many students cannot receive the education that they need to finish school. Given that this drawback is a regional obstacle, it does not affect a specific age group or color. In fact, one of the main issues is that by the time a child reaches high school they are too far behind to ever be able to catch up (Williams 1), which could lead to them dropping out. This is a good indication to why the dropout rates for blacks are about fifty percent, further
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achievement gap r - 1 English Composition II April 26, 2007...

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