ADHD 2Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a disorder that is obvious in school age children, usually starting as early as the preschool years. Children with this disorder find it hard to control their behavior as well as pay attention. Approximately 2 million children in the United States have been diagnosed with ADHD. Parents, teachers, and doctors need to work together in order to meet the child needs and to avoid a misdiagnosis. Various forms of treatment options canbe beneficial for a child’s development with ADHD, including drug, counseling, and therapy. Research conducted has concluded that women continue to go undiagnosed. ADHD is a lifetime disorder. People learn how to effectively treat and deal with their diagnosis and live a normal life.Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Diagnosis and Treatment
ADHD 3Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), a condition involving hyperactivity, impulsivity, and inattention, is the most frequently diagnosed childhood psychological disorder. ADHD children are impaired in cognitive, social, and behavioral functioning, but the diagnostic criteria are solely behavioral based. Factors that complicate the diagnostics of an ADHD child include learning disabilities, depression and conduct, oppositional and anxiety disorders. Children are most often referred for ADHD, due to a history of behavioral problems that result from attention. A diagnosis of ADHD may include disruptive and aggressive behaviors, which sometimes continue into adulthood. Many children are misdiagnosed every year; which often makes the situation more difficult and contributes to a child’s inability to learn. Children are labeled with disorders due to the symptoms they present. Symptoms of ADHD can be misdiagnosed for other disorders because of an inaccurate diagnosis and proper treatment will not be prescribed. Proper testing and careful diagnosis is necessary when interpreting a child’s behavior. False positives and false negatives are often the result of improper test theories and use of discrepancy based models. Proper testing models and careful diagnosis must be conducted by a specialist. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is treatable with options like drugs, therapy and counseling. Therapy and counseling treatment is used to help children learn coping skills and adaptive behaviors. Ritalin is a very common drug prescribed to children with ADHD. There are many other medications used for the treatment of ADHD including Adderall, Concerta, Metadate, Focalin, and Stattera. ADHD is a result of neurobiology and genetics, and some environmental factors may contribute to the disorder. Environmental agents such as smoking, drinking as well as brain injuries, food additives and sugar, and genetics may often contribute to the disorder.