Mesopotamian Civilizations

Mesopotamian Civilizations - i) Law (1) Law Code of...

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1) Mesopotamian Civilizations a) Significance, Locations, and General History i) The “Fertile Crescent” (Delta between the Tigris-Euphrates Rivers) and its importance. ii) The Diversity of Peoples and Empires in Mesopotamia (1) Sumerians (2) Semites (same ethnic group as Jews) (3) Amorites (4) Babylonians (Chaldeans)(related to Amorites) (5) Assyrians b) Interactions between Mesopotamians and the Hebrews (as described in the Old Testament) i) The Sumerian City States and Their Accomplishments ii) The Rule of Sargon (about 2300 B.C.E) a Semitic King, who ruled the Sumerians c) Other Notable Mesopotamian People and Contributions
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Unformatted text preview: i) Law (1) Law Code of Hammurabi, Amorite King (1780 B.C.E) (a) Discovered in 1901 by French archeologists; today in the Louvre Museum (Paris) (2) Indicates complex society with various classes and industries (a) Punishments were more severe on upper classes then the lower and based on the Law of Equivalent Retaliation (Eye for Eye) d) Worlds Oldest Story The Epic o f Gilgamesh, King of Uruk i) In oral form centuries before a written epic ii) Writing in Mesopotamia (Cuneirform Tablet) **Oldest form of writing**...
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