Final Exam Review

Final Exam Review - `1A Major British Writers Final Exam...

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`1A Major British Writers Final Exam Review Sheet I. Neoclassic Era : restrictive and restrained (Swift) A. Elements: 1. traditional - respected and wished to revive classical writers 2. believed literature is art to be studied and practiced - contrived and artificial 3. man is primary subject - poetry of good humanity - "held to be an imitation of human life" 4. emphasis on what human beings have in common - experiences, thoughts, feelings, tastes, etc. .. 5. poetry meant for good of the public; not for personal reflection 6. purpose is to teach man about his limitations - finding the mean between 2 extremes is the ideal II. Romantic : way of thinking, not just a style - in direct contrast to neoclassic A. Elements: 1. emphasis on nature, the individual, and power of the imagination 2. anti-tranditional - not trying to replicate old forms - innovative poetry trying new forms 3. nature is primary subject - nature itself, nature of man, or connection between man and nature 4. poetry reflective of poet's own thought process - very personally reflective 5. language and subjects of everday occurances 6. supernatural or other worldy element 7. poet often seen as prophet or visionary (William Blake) 8. organic poetry - not artificial or contrived - passionate/spontaneous expression of feelings and emotions 9. protagonist is poet himself - solitary figure on a quest - Byronic hero 10. celebrate the greatness of human achievement - "preference for the glory of the imperfect 11. reflect revolutionary ideals - rights of the individual - manifestos 12. often a reaction to the Industrial Revolution 13. Romantic poets are idealists B. Authors: 1. William Wordworth (1770 - 1850) 2. Samuel Taylor Coleridge (1772 - 1834) a. orphaned and sent to live with uncle, fell in love with literature and became prodigy b. became very ill and began laudanum (opium and alcohol; became addicted) c. attended Cambridge where worked himself into debt with opium, alcohol and women d. joined the army out of desperation - brother, George, arranged discharge by reason of insanity e. with Robert Southey, wanted to create Pantisocracy, their own utopia. f. married Sara Fricker and had kids g. Pantisocracy failed because fight over slavery
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h. falling out with friend, Wordsworth, because didn't approve of his drugs and neglect towards his family i. "The Rime of the Ancient Mariner" - supernatural: vivid imagery, nighttime (scarier), mist and fog - religious images: Death, Life-in-Death, angels, etc. .. - rainbow: representative of gateway, hope, calm after the storm - albatross: innocence, Mariner's burden of sin and guilt to bare for remainder of his life - theme: to love all things; if you love and respect God's creatures, you are showing love and respect towards God - content: very straight - style: light and everyday, easy to read - romanticism: imagination, nature, man's impact on nature, focus on individual and power of mariner himself, main character is byronic hero (learns from his mistake
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This note was uploaded on 04/21/2008 for the course ENGL 20403 taught by Professor Havens during the Spring '08 term at TCU.

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Final Exam Review - `1A Major British Writers Final Exam...

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