Philosophy Mid-Term

Philosophy Mid-Term - 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Philosophy Mid-Term...

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Philosophy Mid-Term 1. What is the Divine Preference Theory of Rightness (Euthryphro)? What recommends it, and what are its difficulties. 2. Summarize Plato’s Theory of Forms. 3. According to Aristotle, a. What is the proper function of man? b. Why is virtue insufficient for happiness? c. What role does reason play in a morally virtuous life? (give examples) d. What are the 3 kinds of lives? e. What shows that virtue isn’t natural for us? How does moral virtue arise in us? 4. Do you think that Mencius and Seneca would vote Democrat or Republican? Why? 5. Summarize Augustine’s Discussion of the Problem of Evil. Democrat – liberal Want a strong state gov. Mencius – prefers weaker government because less susceptible to being corrupted Republican – conservative Want a strong central gov.t I. Divine Preference Theory of Rightness – what constitutes Rightness is that God prefers it a. Humans follow the theory in order to go to heaven. They want to satisfy God. b. What recommends it (what about it do people like)? It is recommended because what God may consider Right is very ambiguous. Therefore, one can assume that their actions are done for the Divine preference. c. Recommends it. If you do the right thing. It gives a clear idea of what is right and what is wrong from a higher power than humans d. Difficulties - How can the theory be true, if we don’t consider what God thinks is right? i. Since there are ambiguities, we can perform any action and consider it just and Right. ii. Rightness should be inside the action
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In Euthryphro’s Divine Preference Theory of Rightness, he states that what constitutes Rightness is that God prefers it. However, what is the importance of God’s preference, if that certain rightness is not followed by anyone? Clearly, what God wants
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This note was uploaded on 04/21/2008 for the course PHIL HPL111 taught by Professor Fried during the Spring '08 term at Stevens.

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Philosophy Mid-Term - 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Philosophy Mid-Term...

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