Relative Clauses-Chapters References - CHAPTER I RELATIVE...

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CHAPTER I RELATIVE CLAUSES 1.1. RELATIVE CLAUSES AND PRONOUNS Relative clauses are used to form one sentence from two separate sentences. The relative pronoun (who, that, which, whose, whom, etc.) replaces one of two identical noun phrases and relates the clauses to each other. Look at these sentences, the two sentences can be combined to show which old man gave me the money: The old man gave me some money. He met me at the zoo . ---- The old man who met me at the zoo gave me some money . Who met me at the zoo is a clause (a mini-sentence in the larger sentence). It is called a relative clause because it relates to or connects with a noun in the larger sentence. The relative pronoun completely replaces a duplicate noun phrase. There can be no regular pronoun along with the relative pronoun: This is the book . I bought it at the bookstore . ---- This is the book that I bought at the bookstore . ---- This is the book that I bought it at the bookstore . The relative clause is placed immediately after the noun that it describes: I was talking to a person who had worked with my father . The machine that I wanted to buy was too expensive . Remember that a sentence with a relative clause can always be reduced to two separate sentences, so each clause must contain a verb: a) John bought a boat . The boat cost thirty thousand dollars . ---- John bought a boat that cost thirty thousand dollars . b) We bought the stereo. The stereo had been advertised at a reduced price. ---- We bought the stereo that had been advertised at a reduced price. c) Ali is going to buy the house. We have been thinking of buying the house. ---- Ali is going to buy the house that we have been thinking of buying. d) John is the man. We are going to recommend John for the job. 1 1
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---- John is the man whom we are going to recommend for the job. 1.2. SUBJECT AND OBJECT RELATIVE CLAUSES The noun which is being described by a clause can be either the subject or object of the relative clause: a) The man who normally works here is ill . Main sentence : The man is ill . Clause : who normally works here. ---- He normally works here . He is the subject, so this is a subject relative clause. b) The man who you saw yesterday is ill. Main sentence : The man is ill . Clause : who you saw yesterday . ---- You saw him yesterday. Him is the object, so this is an object relative clause. EXERCISE I Write these sentences in your book and underline the relative clauses. Write S or O to indicate whether it is a subject or object clause: 1. The woman who I spoke to wasn’t very polite. O 2. The machine that worked better than the others cost the least. S 3. I wouldn’t stay in a hotel that refused to accept children. 4. I don’t understand people who hate animals. 5. The stereo that I bought last week doesn’t work properly.
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  • Spring '16
  • Mr.Lambang
  • ........., Relative clause, English relative clauses

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