Ling-Pragmatics - LING-PRAGMATICS 1 Pragmatics is a...

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LING-PRAGMATICS 1. Pragmatics is a subfield of linguistics and semiotics which studies the ways in which context contributes to meaning. 2. Unlike semantics, which examines meaning that is conventional or coded in a given language, pragmatics studies how the transmission of meaning depends not only on the structural and linguistic knowledge (grammar. lexicon) of the speaker and listener, but also on the context of the utterance, any pre-existing knowledge about those involved, the inferred intent of the speaker, and other factors. 3. Pragmatic competence: the ability to understand another speaker’s intended meaning. 4. Areas of interest: - The study of the speaker’s meaning, not focusing on the phonetic or grammatical form of an utterance, but instead on what the speaker’s intentions and beliefs are. - The study of the meaning in context, and the influence that a given context can have on the message. It requires knowledge of the speaker’s identities, and the place and time of the utterances. - The study of what is not meant, as opposed to the intended meaning, i.e. that which is unsaid and unintended, or unintentional. 5. Deixis refers to words and phrases that cannot be fully understood without additional contextual information. It means ‘pointing’ via language. (1) Person Deixis: the grammatical persons involved in an utterance: - Those directly involved (the speaker – the addressee) - Those not directly involved (the overhearers, those who hear the
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  • Spring '16
  • Mr.Lambang
  • Implicature, Utterance, Deixis

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