Chapter 9 1310 - Chapter 9 Courts Structure and...

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Chapter 9 Courts Structure and Participants TEST APRIL 12 9-12 American Dual Court System Dual court system and federal court system - US courts of appeal - US Supreme Court District courts (general jurisdiction): Go through the entire case and decide outcome (1) Federal District Courts: break Texas law, then this court doesn't have jurisdiction State Court system Trial Courts: limited jurisdiction (justice of the peace at this level…Class C misdemeanors) and municipal. Limited to Class C County Courts: Two types in Texas. Jail sentences up to a year - County courts can't hear federal levels (1) Texas District courts: State jail felonies - accused of murder under certain circumstances -every state can do different things that they want. 50 different state systems (2) Federal Courts of Appeal : review records that are tried out of federal district court -Circuit courts (Texas, Mississippi, Louisiana) If mistake made, then they'll send case back (3) US Supreme Court: they can affirm or send back for another trial Trial de novo = new trial (appealed out of a court that didn't have a record of the trial) works like this in every state (2) Texas Court of Appeal : Intermediate appellate court (3) Texas Court of Criminal Appeals: Last resort for courts. Review record of trial, look at issues appealed and they decide if new trial should be in order - Texas Supreme Court can't hear criminal courts - If all of this fails (evidentiary hearing) then it goes to US Supreme Court - Very rare and sometimes they don't even get to all of them - If lose appeal, they exhaust state remedies. Then they'll petition Supreme Court ( Certorari ) = asking them to call for records of it so they can review the case.
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  • Fall '13
  • VernaHenson
  • Criminal Justice, US Supreme Court, Federal District Courts, District Courts, Jury deliberation

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