CJ
Criminal Profiling _2015_

Criminal Profiling _2015_ - Criminal Profiling History...

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Criminal Profiling History & Techniques
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History of Profiling The first example of profiling available for reference which is referred to as a profile in the contemporary sense were the suggestions made by Dr. Thomas Bond, a police surgeon, who performed the autopsy on Mary Kelly, the last of Jack the Ripper’s victims. Bond was initially called into the investigation to make an assessment of the surgical knowledge of the killer. He observed that “…the corner sheet to the right of the woman’s head was much cut and saturated with blood, indicating that the face may have been covered with a sheet at the time of the attack” Bond performed a similar duty to this stating that all of the victims had died by the same hand, and that the mutilations of Nichols, Chapman, Eddowes, and Kelly were “all of the same character”. This statement parallels what profilers refer to today as a "signature", or those behaviors or actions that fulfill a psychological or physical need in the offender.
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History of Profiling Between 1979 and 1983, agents of the BSU undertook a large study in which they entered into correctional facilities and interviewed offenders about their backgrounds, crimes, crime scenes, and victims. They also used more official sources of information such as court transcripts, police reports, and psychiatric and criminal records. The data they
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The Profiling Process The FBI’s Crime Scene Analysis involves six steps that collectively make up their profiling process (the following information is adapted from Reference 9 should the reader desire further information). These steps include: Profiling Inputs, Decision Process Models, Crime Assessment, The Criminal Profile, The Investigation and The Apprehension.
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Profiling Inputs This involves the collection and assessment of all of the materials relating to the specific case. This would typically involve any photographs taken of the crime scene and victim, a comprehensive background check of the victim, autopsy protocols, other forensic examinations relating to the crime, and any relevant information that is necessary to establish an accurate picture about what occurred before, during or after the crime. This stage serves as the basis for all others, and should incorrect or poor information be provided, the subsequent analysis will be affected.
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Decision Process Models This stage simply involves arranging all of the information gathered in the previous stage (Profiling Inputs) into a logical and coherent pattern. This might also include establishing how many victims were involved, for example, with the purpose of establishing whether the crime was the result of a serial offender.
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Crime Assessment This stage would typically involve the reconstruction of the sequence of events and the specific behaviors of both the victim and perpetrator.
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  • Fall '13
  • VernaHenson
  • Criminal Justice, criminal law, Offender profiling, offender

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