5.01docx - 5.01 Herbert Spencer Spencer was born April 27th...

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5.01 Herbert Spencer: Spencer was born April 27 th 1820 in Derbyshire, England and died December 8 th 1903. Spencer was mostly known for applying Darwin’s theory to societies(social Darwinism). Spencer came up with the idea that societies start simple, then grow and adapt to new environments. He found similarities in societies and organisms(animal) and created the “3 main systems”. Spencer was the one who came up with ‘survival of the fittest’. He came up with it because he though that humans wanted self- preservation. Darwin used that phrase in his own version of the Origins of Species . Thomas Huxley: Huxley was born on May 4 th 1825, in Ealing near London and died June 29 th 1895 in Eastbourne, Sussex. Huxley was an advocate and a defender for Darwin’s theory of evolution by natural selection. That is why people called him ’Darwin’s Bulldog’. Huxley was best known for his debate at the British Association meeting at Oxford against Archbishop Samuel Wilberforce in June 1860.
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