Social Psychology Exam 1 Review

Social Psychology Exam 1 Review - Social Psychology Exam 1...

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Social Psychology Exam 1 Review: CHAPTER 3 (The Self) -Nature of the Self Self-Awareness: Allows individuals to mimic others and understand the feelings that come with facial expressions ~Self-Recognition Self-Awareness Theory - A theory that predicts that when people focus their attention inward on themselves, they become concerned with self-evaluation and how their current behavior con- forms to their internal standards and values Rouge Test - A test to understand whether a person acknowledges a mark on their face and notices that it is different than their normal appearance - Humans can recognize this by age 2 Self-Construals: Priming- when a situation primes a situation itself behavior will change Situationalism and the Self: Individual Self-Construals Relational Self-Construals Collective Self-Construals - Social Roles - Social Norms - Group Affiliations - Culture Self-Concept Maintenance: Social Comparison Theory- (ex comparing grades) Motives - self-assessment - Upward Comparison - comparing to someone older (more advanced) - self-verification - Sideways Comparison - comparing to equivalent individuals to yourself - self-enhancement - Downward Comparison - comparing with less experienced people (ex. Rex Kwon Do) - BIRGing (Basking in Reflective Glory) - wearing spirit gear after a big win - CORFing (Cutting Off Reflected Failure) - not wearing spirit gear after a loss Self-Esteem - “is the contingent on successes & failures in domains that matter - it exists to let you know how you feel about yourself - social support increases self-esteem
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* When one looses self-esteem they are likely to utilize downward social comparison - Narcissism - excessive interest in oneself & one’s physical appearance - consequence of self-esteem - BIRGing & CORFing Self-Schema- - The knowledge about self information that is reintroduced - linkages are strengthened by experiences - nothing is experienced more than self - lense of schema is understanding - information of self Self-Complexity - the higher the self complexity the higher the ability to withstand hardship - low self-complexity results in people loosing faith because they often have to re-think their life plans -
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