HIS 101 3-16-16 HW - Notes unwanted cotton arrived in...

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Notes: unwanted cotton arrived in Europe American South was the go-to place for rice and tobacco. Eli Whitney invents the cotton gin 1794 More available land = new life to South Farmers were able to buy more land. Tobacco sucked up soil nutrients too fast. Killing/using land fast. It left the land dry and barren. Farmers had to adapt to the tobacco production, tobacco was too expensive to produce. High use of slave labor. Cotton grew quick, it was cheap. Cotton boom mid 1830s Chapter 11 The Cotton Kingdom 1. What changes in slavery and the slave system were created by the “cotton revolution”? In the rural South, slavery became a way of life. Farmers expanded their lands, planted more crops, and entered the international trade market. Slavery was endemic to the “Cotton Belt” to describe the color of land, and the skin color of those forced to work its fields. Cotton growers or planters with large enslaved workforces put up slaves as collateral for funds dedicated to buying more land. If that land did not produce a viable crop within a year, the planter would lose not only the new land, but also the slaves put up as a guarantee of payment. Slaves were the backbones of the Southern cotton economy, were the most expense for any successful cotton grower. Prices for slaves varied drastically depending on location, sex, color, age, and location. Slave prices increased because slaves were valuable. They were used to help buy land. (if you buy this land, then you can make profit off it with your slave, if you don’t make profit, we’ll take your slave and land.)
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