HIS 101 2-8-16 HW - Chapter 3 Sections III-Conclusion 1...

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Chapter 3 Sections III-Conclusion 1. What was the purpose of the Navigation acts?(the navigation acts are discussed multiple times. so make sure you read more then just one piece)It compelled merchants in every colony to ship goods directly to England in English ships.Parliament sought to bind the colonies more closely to England, and deny other European nations from interfering with its American possessions.Chp. 4--To ensure that profits ended up in Britain, Parliament issued taxes on trade called Navigation Acts. Through these taxes, consumption became intertwined with politics. 2. What were the causes and results of King Phillip's War?(Summer 1675-1676)Causes: Indians had less trust in England because of the death of 3 Indian men by King Phillip. Indians retaliated. It divided some Indian communities.The English attacked powerful and neutral Narragansetts. The Great Swamp Fight, l,000 Englishmen killed 1,000 Narragansett men, women, and children as they fled the maelstrom. Thesurviving Narragansetts joined the Indians already fighting the English. Between February and April 1676, Native forces devastated a succession of English towns closer and closer to Boston.Results:(The war permanently altered the political and demographic landscape of New England. Between 800 and 1,000 English and at least 3,000 Indians perished in the 14-month conflict. Thousands of other Indians fled the region or were sold into slavery. In 1670, Native Americans comprised roughly 25 percent of New England’s population; a decade later, they made up perhaps 10 percent. The war’s brutalityencouraged a growing hatred of all Indians among many New England colonists. Though the fighting ceased in 1676, the bitter legacy of King Philip’s War lived on.) 3. What were the causes and results of Bacon's Rebellion? BR grew out of tensions between Native Americans and English settlers (King Phillip’s War) as well as tensions between wealthy English landowners and the poor settlers who continually pushed west into Indian territory.Cause: BR came to be because of this (over a pig). Basically Indians went to this guy’s plantationfor rent, he didn’t pay, they took ‘stole’ his pig, raised raids, some Indians caught in crossfire. Indians raided back against English colonists.>Political crisis in Virginia >fleeing colonists asking gov. for help. Gov. doesn’t help because it was preparing by protecting itself (forts). People think gov. is concerned more about money than people. Colonists saw Bacon as leader, they volunteered to help him. Berkley (gov) saw volunteers as traitors, so he sent army against them to stop rebellion. Colonists survival necessitated on bringing down the gov. Bacon and Berkley’s confrontation outside the State House “shoot me then,” Bacon hesitated, Berkley drew
sword, Bacon resorted to blasphemy.-Took place in Jamestown. BR-White servant and black slaves fought together (because promises of freedom no fulfilled). But each time they fought, they fought on the side that was winning. Confusing rebellion. –endResultsIndians inside Virginia remained minorities and Indians outside Virginia remained a terrifying threat. Elite planters continued to grow rich by exploiting their indentured servants and marginalizing small farmers. Improve the social and political conditions of poor whites in the years after the rebellion. Increased availability of enslaved workers through the Atlantic slave trade and contributed to planters’ large-scale adoption of slave labor in the Chesapeake.NotesThe late seventeenth century was a time of great violence and turmoil. Bacon’s Rebellionturnedwhite Virginians against one another, King Philip’s Warshattered Indian resistance in New England, and the Pueblo Revolt struck a major blow to Spanish power. It would take several

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