Chapter 4a - Chapter 4: the international system 1. System-...

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Chapter 4: the international system 1. System- an assemblage of units united by some form of regular interactions, which a change in one part leading to a change in the other, 2. International System a. Liberal i. Three liberal interpretations 1. Interdependence among actors- international system is full of actors and states act on social economic and security 2. International society – various actors communicate and consent to common rules and institutions recognize common interests view international system as an arena for positive interactions 3. Anarchic system- see the system as anarchic but realize its potential for positive interaction because states will realize that they have to interact more than once ii. Actors- states, international governmental organizations, NGOs MNCs, sub state actors. iii. Constraints- none, ongoing interactions iv. Change- change is welcome, development, issue areas, new actors b. Realist i. System is anarchic, no authority above the state ii. State is sovereign, each must look out for its own interests iii. Constrains the actions of the states iv. Disagree about the autonomy of the state c. Dimensions of the international system i. Polarity- number of blocs of states that have power ii. Stratification – uneven division of resources among different states 3. Balance of power a. Any anchor or coalition that tries to assume dominance must be constrained b. States want to increase their capabilities by acquiring territory, increasing their population or developing economically c. Negotiating is better than fighting d. Fighting is better than failing to increase capabilities e. Other states are view as potential allies f. States seek their own national interests defined in terms of power 4. Stability of Polarities a. Bipolarity i. Two sides moderate use of violence ii. Absorb destabilizing changes iii. Each focus activity on the other iv. Anticipate actions of the other b. Multi-polarity i. More interactions, less opportunity to dwell on one ii. More crosscutting alliances iii. Less likely to respond to the actions of any one state
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c. Uni-polarity i. Hegemony pays the price to unsure stability ii. When hegemony declines, less system stability 5. International system changes a. When actors change basic power relations- after war
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Chapter 4a - Chapter 4: the international system 1. System-...

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