CJA
Criminal Justice Trends Paper

Criminal Justice Trends Paper - Running head CRIMINAL...

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Running head: CRIMINAL JUSTICE TRENDS PAPER 1 Criminal Justice Trends Paper CJA/484 Criminal Justice Administration Capstone
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PROGRAM REPORT: CRIMINAL JUSTICE TRENDS PAPER 2 Criminal Justice Trends Paper Three major sections encompass the criminal justice system, which are the courts system, law enforcement, and the corrections system. Every component of the criminal justice system has been shaped by the past experiences each section has faced, and each section’s future continues to be shaped by the actions of the present. This student will examine how the law enforcement section has changed over the years, and how law enforcement will change in the future. The law enforcement section of the criminal justice system can be divided into three eras. The three eras are the political era, the reform era, and the community era. Each era was known for something different. The political era began in 1840 and ended in the 1930’s. The political era was well known for neighborhood integration and community services. The downside to the political era was that it invited corruption and was inefficient. The reform era began in the 1930’s and ended in the 1970’s. The reform era was well known for ending the link between politics and police and making policing a profession. During the reform era, there was an increase in crime and there was major competition between police forces and private security companies. The community era began in the 1970’s and is still ongoing. The community era is known for bringing police and the community together and the decentralization of control (Three Eras of American Policing, 2012). The law enforcement component of the criminal justice system has undergone many changes in the past to get where it is at today. Sir Robert Peel thought of the basic concept of the criminal justice system, which is called community policing. The concept of law enforcement began in 1829 when the London Metropolitan Police District was formed. The London Metropolitan Police District was formed to cope with high crime rates due to fast urban growth,
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PROGRAM REPORT: CRIMINAL JUSTICE TRENDS PAPER 3 alcoholism, poverty, lenient judges, and poor infrastructure. Sir Robert Peel was the first police chief of the London Metropolitan Police District. While Sir Robert Peel was in charge of the London Metropolitan Police District, he implemented his ideas and principles to reduce crime rates in London, England. Some of his principals included the use of crime rates to determine how effective his police force was, centrally located police offices, and recruiting the proper people for his police force (The Lectric Law Library, 2012).
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